Today, we look at an artist who was at his best when he painted on a small scale but did paint a number of fine large pieces. #WilliamFrederickHulk (1852-1906) was born in Holland. His father Abraham Hulk and uncle Johannes Hulk were well known marine/town/canal scene painters. His brother Abraham junior was a fine painter mostly portraying the English countryside and pastoral scenes.
William travelled widely with his father but eventually settled in London in 1870. William was taught art and painting by his father and quickly became a well regarded landscape painter and exhibited often. William lived in Shere near Guildford from 1882 onward and the surrounding Surrey countryside was an ever present inspiration for his paintings. He specialised in rural scenes usually including cattle and water with the effects of light and shadow on it.
The painting shown is Hulk at his miniature best. It is 3 3/4″ x 4 3/4″ (95mm x 120mm). Small and beautiful.
I bought a pair of magazines earlier this week and they lead to our artist in this chapter. #WassilyKandinsky (1886-1944) is considered to be the father of abstract art. Born in Moscow, Kandinsky spent his childhood and formative years in Odessa. He later enrolled at the University of Moscow, studying law and economics. He was successful in his chosen profession and in 1896, Kandinsky moved to Munich to live and work. He returned to Moscow in 1914, after the outbreak of World War I. Opportunities beckoned Kandinsky back to Germany after the Russian revolution. Here he taught and painted at the Bauhaus School of Art till 1933 when it was closed. Kandinsky then moved to live in Paris. He remained in France, even becoming a citizen, till his death in 1944. The magazine in called #Siecle XXe and I acquired numbers 3 and 4. The magazine was the brain-child of Gualtieri di San Lazaro. It was an art magazine dedicated to the promotion of modern art and artists. Artists were asked to supply works which would be used in the magazine (limited early on to 1200 copies). For the third volume, Kandinsky provided six #woodcuts to be reproduced – 3 in colour and 3 in black and white. Thankfully all six are to be found in the volume which I acquired. They are (as they appear in the chapter)
1. The Archer
2. Two Riders on a Red Background
3. In an Oriental Style
4. Garden of Love
5. Riding Path
6. Black Dot
An odd title. It is a type of print making which is not that popular due to the amount of time and effort required to produce just one print. #Alapoupee comes from the French and is translated ‘with a doll’. It refers to the wad of fabric (ball shaped) used to apply the coloured inks to the copperplate. A new wad is used for each colour and only one pressing is achieved from the inking.
I have very few of this type of print in my collection and the best one is this still-life.
As you can see the colours are superb but as with most prints done in this manor – it is still hand-finished. I do not know who this print is by but it has a couple of clues as to when and who. Firstly, it has a watermark as well as a small monogram in the bottom right corner. I have yet to find the watermark in any records. Nor have I deciphered the monogram.
Even so, one can see the use of different coloured inks from the following images. This application of various colours took time since one wished to avoid the blending or blurring of colours while applying as well as when wiping excess ink from the plate. Not an easy task. Usually only five or six colours or less were used. Here, we have red, blue, green, yellow, black and brown used in this print. One can also see the hand-finishing in the application of further colour to enhance the printed image. This type of print was made popular by #JohanTeyler (1648-1709). Téyler, himself, was not an artist but a mathematician. He did own the patent for the multi-colour printing technique he used and most likely set up a publishing house which employed engravers to produce the plates and prints.
I will continue to research this print but I do hope you enjoy just looking at it. It is a superb piece and displays huge talent and technique.
I came across three small watercolours this week. They were not signed, but to be honest, it did not take that much research to identify the artist involved. My research led me to #MicheleDeVito. Her first name might also have been spelt as ‘Michela’. Little is known in regards to this female painter. She was born in Abruzzi, Italy and was known to have worked and resided in Naples when she became a known and respected painter. She may have been the daughter or possibly sister of Camillo de Vito another well known painter of gouache scenes of real life. Michela worked in the early part of the 19th century. This is corroborated by the watermark found on one of the pieces I have. The watermark reads ‘ J Whatman Turkey Mill 1837‘. As an artist she was described as “A refined painter, very skilled when it came to drawings, she had the characteristic to make her subject more gentle, compared to her male collegues”.
The first image of the seated woman has in inscription in the bottom right which reads ‘Nicabelli’. The second – mother and child – has an inscription which reads ‘Francavillo’. The third – mother and baby – has no identifiers as to which town or area she comes from.Three love pieces. Very typical of her work and historically important in regards to the history of local folk costume of the time.
A Chinese painter, today, who has become known for his portrayal of Indonesian life. #LeeManFong was born in Guangdong, China in 1913. At the age of 3, his family emigrated to Singapore. It was here where he gain his early training in painting, learning under masters like Mei Yutian and Huang Qingquan. Lee’s father died in 1930 and he became the main earner of the family. He accomplished this by drawing cartoons for newspapers and advertising logos and billboards for companies.
Lee moved to Jakarta to become an art editor for a newspaper but left after six years to establish his own advertising agency. Although, he owned his own company, Lee never gave up his own artistic pursuits. Lee became a full time artist in 1941. He was imprisoned for a time during the Japanese occupation. While imprisoned he befriended Sukarno (later to become Indonesia’s first president). After the occupation, Lee traveled to Holland to work and study.
In 1952, Lee returned to Jakarta to live and paint. He later became head curator to the Indonesian presidential palace. Lee died in 1988. He was an artist known for the blending of Chinese/Eastern techniques and subjects with Western composition styles and mediums.
#Kabuki is the traditional dance-drama theatre of Japan known mostly for it’s elaborate make-up worn by the performers. Kabuki began in 1603 as a new form of entertainment performed by an all female cast portraying both men and women in short comic plays about ordinary life. It became very popular due to it’s ribald and suggestive themes added to the fact that many of the performers were working prostitutes. In 1629 female kabuki was banned as being to erotic and thus began the all male kabuki which we know today.
The lead actor in kabuki must be able to convey a wide range of emotions. These emotions are also expressed through the colours of their costumes. Gaudy and vivid hues convey foolishness or joy while harsh or muted colours convey seriousness and focus.
The dramatic stage makeup emphasises the actors emotions. Red for passion, heroism, and other positive traits. Blue or black eschew villainy, jealousy, and other bad traits while green is the colour of the supernatural and purple the colour of royalty.
Every kabuki actor takes a stage name. They are usually handed down from father to son and to following generations. These names hold great honour and are associated with certain roles or acting styles. Each new inheritor of the name must live up to the expectations embodied within that name. An actor might have three different names during his career.
The four woodcuts show kabuki actors in their dramatic makeup and poses which they became reknowned for.
We visit a man who has become one of the great Chinese painters of the 20th century. #XuBeihong (1895-1953) is known mostly for his portrayals of horses and birds but he was at the forefront of Chinese artists which felt a need for a new artistic expression not only for themselves but for the new modern China.
Xu began his tutelage under his father at the age of six. Learning from classic works and calligraphy before moving on to painting after a few years. Xu studied in Tokyo and Paris but he always returned to China to teach and paint.
Xu was a master of both oils and ink, even so, most of his works are in the Chinese traditional style. In his endeavour to create a modern national art form, Xu combined Western perspective and compositional techniques with his loved traditional Chinese style. In his teach, Xu emphasised that artistic technique should be subject to the artist concept and life experience.
The above work #gallopinghorse is a #wallscroll from my collection. Whether it is an authentic Beihong or a fake is up to the professionals but it does have the correct signature and seals.
Wall scrolls were/are treasured pieces and due to their delicateness were/are only hung in the home on special occasions.
Copies of his works are plentiful and authentication should be done by professionals. Below is a piece which is certainly influenced by Beihong (I don’t think the seal is correct). Both are beautiful pieces and a tribute to a great artist.
This week I purchased a four volume set of books entitled ‘The Poetry of Robert Burns’. There is nothing overly special about the set and I have several other books regarding Burns’ poetry. The thing that these volumes had which peaked my interest was that within each were engravings done by #WilliamBrasseyHole. Not facsimiles but real plate impressions. William Hole (1846-1917) was an English illustrator, etcher and engraver. He was born in Salisbury but after the death of his father, his family moved to Edinburgh. He was educated in Edinburgh and served a 5 year apprenticeship as a civil engineer but truly wanted to be an artist. He was a successful painter and around 1878 he tried his hand at etching and engraving.Hole specialised in industrial, historical, and biblical scenes. Although he was an Englishman, his artwork was focused on Scottish story and events. His work as an etcher and engraver was/is highly regarded. His translation of one art-form into another was considered wonderful and should rank him among the greats of that art.
Hole is able to imbue his etchings with depth and emotion. One can feel the despondency of the farmer, the cold of the winter’s night and even death exudes an aura of other worldliness.
A great talent using only the tonality of line and ink.
Posted in Etching
Tagged death, etching, farmer, fence, field, Holy Willie, path, pitch fork, Robert Burns, sickle, snow, street lamp
This past week, I came across two engravings after #JMWTurner. That is not too extraordinary for I have other etchings after Turner but these are notable for both bear the Turner Studio blind stamp.Both line engravings are ‘first state’. The first displayed is #Stamford, Lincolnshire. A line engraving by William Miller. It bears the citations ‘ painted by JMW Turner’ (bl) and ‘engraved by William Miller’ (br) and the Turner Studio blind stamp just off the bottom edge of the image – but no title – even though there is room for it on the sheet.
Turner used the best engravers to copy his works. These two engravings come from #PicturesqueViewofEnglandandWales – a set of 96 engravings (120 intended engravings of which only 96 were published). Possibly the most ambitious project which Turner came to be involved with. Unfortunately it was not a success. Financial and editorial problems ended with Turner buying back the plates to his drawings at the last moment (just prior to them being auctioned off to the public). The plates remained in Turners possession until his death. They were later destroyed. The second image is of the magnificent #ShipoftheFens #ElyCathedral. Again a first state. There is lettering at all – no credits or title – but again has the blind stamp of the Turner Studio just below the image. This plate was engraved by Thomas Higham and certainly displays Turner’s expertise as an architectural draughtsman.
Two beautiful works by talented artists. Experts in their own rights and fields.
We revisit an artwork , today, to add clarification. #Barocci (1533-1612) was an Italian painter and print maker. He was highly respected and influential in the Renaissance art world of the time. His work certainly influenced many artists who came after him, such as Rubens (Baroque era).
The work in my collection (shown) is a superb monochrome watercolour displaying a mother and child in a desert scene. I took the title from other etchings displaying almost the same image. They were all titled #HagarandIshmael, so I trusted the information. But as with numerous original artworks and their offspring via various artistic fields, they are renamed. The finished oil painting of this image hangs in the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, Dresden. The title of the oil painting is #MarywiththeChristChild. Why or how the title was changed, we might never know. Certainly the image might represent either of the known titles.
Either way, both are superb artworks.